Balai Kartini, Jakarta? His feature was aged. Even, his hands were always shaking when driven. His vision was already somewhat myopic, but the spirit of encouraging reading craze was enviable. Through Mekarpura Village Library, Moh. Dumharno in his old age became a pioneer of library Kotabaru Regency, South Kalimantan.
It was diferrent with the spirit Sugiyono Saiful Hadi, a library fighter from Bantul, Yogyakarta. Using three-wheeled motorcycle, the man who was familiarly called as Saiful, built a library as his care for the disaster victims. His LURU ILMU library was known for the disaster alert library.
Moh. Dumharno and Saiful Hadi were two of 14 recipients of Nugra Jasadarma Pustaloka 2011 from National Library with community leaders and other mass media in Nusa Indah Theater, Balai Kartini, Jakarta, Monday (7/11). In an event themed Brightness Library, National Library also paid tributes to some other categories, such as best fiction national book, best guardian of village library, and storytelling competition for Elementary School / MI level. In particular, Library Life Achievement was awarded to the legendary poet, Taufiq Ismail.
The obstacle met by the government was not merely the lack of library facilities and infrastructure, but also a perception in public opinion. Currently, the library has many targets in almost all sectors of life : health centers, hospitals, ports, churches, boarding schools, community agencies, the outer islands, remote villages to the border areas. But more importantly, how to create a library that is fully popular and in demand of all parties?.
National Library in 2011 continued to bear heavily promoting inspiring momentum for efforts to promote library and reading hobby. During the month of October, the Library held a roadshow in four major cities, Makassar, Bukittinggi, Bandung Regency and the last was in Balikpapan. Other evidence demonstrated seriousness of National Library was by inviting Vice President Boediono to launch the National Movement for Familiarization of Reading Hobby on October 27, in Sasono Langen Budoyo, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Jakarta.
Head of National Library, Hj. Sri Sularsih emphasized that reading hobby was not the sole responsibility of the central government, but also local government, educational units, and the community. “I hope that in the future, many parties are motivated, caring, and willing to join hands to promote library in growing reading hobby as a culture.”
Brightness of National Library other than was intended as a promotion means was also as a mission to awake awareness of the importance of empowering library toward the improvement of human resource quality. The addition of people?s motivation to take the advantages of library was another target to be achieved by the government.
The night conferment of award was quite inspiring, highly evocative for the most popular poet, Taufiq Ismail, as he did not expect to get the outstanding appreciation from National Library. He hoped that the hard work of National Library ahead would be more solid and getting stronger in building the characteristics of the nation by the development and improvement to read and write. “I can not say much tonight, because I suddenly lost for words to express my gratitude for the gift of the National Library’s award, go forward for National Library, and let’s all read … read and read,” said him.
Recipients of Nugra Jasadarma Pustaloka Awards 2011
a. The Category of Community Leaders
? Dr. Ir. Moh. Ja?far Hafsah (Prominent of South Sulawesi who was also a Member of the House of Representatives)
? Ir. Tri Rismaharini, MT (Mayor of Surabaya, East Java)
? Ir. H.T. Erry Nuradi, M.Si (Regent of Serdang Bedagai, North Sumatra)
? Hj. Netty Heryawan Prasetiyani (Trustee of GPMB, West Java)
? H. Aaron Keuchik Leumik (Baitul Ilman Library, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)
? Sukardal SHP (ARUM Library, DIY)
? Suparman Idris (TBM Dahlia, Bangka Belitung)
? D.Moh. Dumharno (Mekarpura Village Library, South Kalimantan)
? Sugiyono Saiful Hadi (Luru Ilmu Library, DIY
b. Category Journalists / Media
? Achmad Lutfi (Editor at Radar Banten)
? Bangka Pos (Bangka Belitung)
? Banjarmasin Pos (South Kalimantan)
? Republika Jawa Barat (West Java)
c. Category of Books
? A. Fuadi (Negeri 5 Menara)
? Daoed Joesoef (Emak, Penuntunku Dari Kampus Darat Sampai Sorbounne)
? Irfan L. Sar (Apologia Latte, Ketika Cinta Menyisakan Luka)
? Esti Kinasih (Jingga dan Senja)
d. Category of Publishing House
? Gramedia Pustaka Utama (Negeri 5 Menara)
? Kompas (Emak, Penuntunku Dari Kampus Darat Sampai Sorbounne)
? Elek Media Komputindo (Apologia Latte, Ketika Cinta Menyisakan Luka)
? Gramedia Pustaka Utama (Jingga dan Senja)
e. Category of Village Library
? Library of Desa Sapuran, Wonosobo Regency (Dimas Ari Pamungkas, Central Java)
? ARUM Library, Desa Banjararum, Kulonprogo Regency (Sukardal, DIY)
? Library of Desa Cipelang, Bogor Regency (Andi Hermawan, West Java)
f. The Winners of Story Telling Contest for Elementary School /MI Level
? Wayan Dian Anindya Bhaswara (Bali)
? Muhammad Alfian (DIY)
? Fina Lionita (Bengkulu)
g. The Recipient of Life Achievement Award
? Taufiq Ismail
On that occasion also, Moh. Ja?far Hafsah who was asked to convey the impression and message represented all award recipients expressed his gratitude to National Library, to the Head of National Library in particular who has inspired him to continue in assisting national library program to develop and improve reading hobby, because according to him, to develop the library and to improve reading hobby were not merely the sole responsibility of national library, but also our task as part of Indonesian society. “As Indonesia’s progress will be seen from the rapid advancement of library and reading culture of the society,” he said. ***
Salemba, Jakarta?Reading spirit of Indonesian people is very low in quantity compared with other countries. According to the report of Human Development Report in 2008/2009 issued by UNDP, it was at 96th position compared with other countries around the world, at the same rank with Bahrain, Malta, and Suriname. On the other hand, when we refer to the founding fathers of the nation, they have never left the activity to read in their daily life. A person with reading habit will have characteristics to grow and process as a strong individual.
It depicted in a talkshow entitled ?Reading To Awake Nation?s Characteristics? hold by the National Library of Indonesia on its 31st Birthday, at National Library Auditorium, Salemba, Wednesday, (25/5). The talkshow presented Hj. Sri Sularsih, Head of National Library, Vice Head of X Commission, Indonesian House of Representatives, Utut Adianto, a senior Humanist, Slamet Rahardjo, and an actress, Wulan Guritno, and the moderator was Leonita from Bahana FM radio, Jakarta.
The phenomenon spreaded that Indonesian children, generally, since their childhood have not been taught to love books. They used to spend their pocket money for snacks. That?s why, pocket money used to call as ?snack money?. Hence, many efforts are now being tried to build reading spirit of the society.
The experience of an actress, Wulan Guritno could be the inspiration for the parents. She started to learn writing when she was pregnant for her second baby. The activity to write was done during her break from the jobs although she was pregnant. ?If our baby has not known any text, we shall start to make it for the next period when our baby is born,? she said. On the writing process, she was assisted by her husband, Adilla Dimitri. She succeeded to finish her book entitled Star Story. She said that the book was quite good for the children who were not able to read yet, but wanted to hear stories. Long ago, reading has been a habit of the society. Nowadays, the information technology and communication development has thrown away the habit. It is not strange, since the delivery of message or information through visual things is preferred and more interesting. Yet, we shall remember that on Laws No. 43 of 2007 about Library, it is stipulated that reading habis shall be socialized through family, educational entities and society in general.
Hj. Sri Sularsih reminded that reading not only made people to be smart and critical, but also characterized. This is the hallmark of Indonesia. The characteristic has spawned many thinkers of the nation. The characterized human will grow into a strong person, she stated. According to the Head of National Library, the spirit to flare up the reading habit has been started since a few years ago, and now, The National Library of Indonesia through various promotional programs will invite the entire community to participate in the campaign of reading habit, in order that Indonesian people could improve their care toward reading habit and empower the library as best as they can. “In 2011, Insya Allah, we will held library promotion and reading habit by hosting various events such as the promotion on TV Garuda, TV on airport, TV on trains, and library road show in some cities, the declaration of Indonesian national reading program, library event by giving some awards to community leaders and media which are concerned about the development of library and the socialization of reading habit, and of course there are a few more programs to be our promotional program which will be conducted this year,? he said.
The library built from people?s desire will lead the library activities run well. The local people will also get additional value, either knowledge, information or library service. Library keeps existing and developing as the increase of people?s quality of life. ?To improve reading craze, it is not only the responsibility of National Library, but also our duty. We shall support, have the sinergy, cooperate each other,? she said.
Reading interest has to be developed since the childhood. Therefore, the availability for reading materials for children is crucial on public library. The developing process of children reading interest shall be continously done to raise their reading habit. Reading habit is a base for reading culture. Hence, we can conclude that by the existance of public library as the supplier of interesting books will attract the reader to build people?s reading interest.***
Jakarta ? On Friday, February 25, 2011, The National Library of Indonesia had a visit from some guests of Goethe Institut. Cristel Mahnke, Head of Information Center & Library, Goethe-Institut Jakarta and South East Asia, Australia and New Zealand accompanied by Verina Devi, Assistanst of Information Center & Library, Goethe-Institut Jakarta, and Cora-Collon, a college student majoring Library Science at FHVR Munich who was doing her practical work at Information Center & Library, Goethe-Institut Jakarta, were welcome at meeting room of Library Service Center by Woro Titi Haryanti, represented Head of National Library.
Cristel Mahnke?s visit was an introductory for him as the new Head of Information Center & Library at Goethe-Institut, as well as the visit to know deeper about the National Library of Indonesia. Through a well maintained relationship, there will be an opportunity to cooperate between the National Library of Indonesia and Goethe-Institut. On the meeting for around an hour, Woro Titi explained the duties and functions of National Library and its responsibilities to strengthen and enhance Reading Habit. She also told about Indonesian National Digital Library. As people know, Indonesian National Digita Library is a cooperation network among libraries involving many kind of libraries as the members. They cooperate to supply high qualified cultural library materials in Bahasa Indonesia and in various regional languages to be accessed by the public through a web portal created for it.
It was also explained the purpose of the development for Indonesian National Digital Library, which was to promote the understanding and awareness among culture nationally, to supply learning sources, to support the availability of library and information materials of which have local content, to support scientific researches. And for the establishment of e-library, The National Library of Indonesia acted as the facilitator.
Answering Cristel?s question about national heritage, Head of Library Service Center said that public libraries in each region were potential partners, since they had the collection of their distinctive regional culture which were interconnected as parts of national heritage.?The transfer of some staff at public local library to another place becomes one of the obstacle leading the coaching on public library runs slowly,? said Woro. On the occassion, Cristel utterred his admire seeing the performance of partner library particularly the performance of Nusa Tenggara Timur Provincial Library which showed komodo pictures, and the performance of Library and Archive Division of Bali Province and Nangroe Aceh Darussalam.
After some minutes talk, Cristel Mahnke, Veriana Devi and Cora-Collon also visited some rooms to see the collections had by National Library. The meeting was ended by the gift of souvenirs from Head of Library Service Center and Information to Cristel Mahnke, Veriana Devi and Cora-Collon from Goethe-Institut. Hopefully, the meeting could be the starting point for the cooperation between the institutions in the future.***
TERNATE?Head of the National Library of Indonesia, Hj. Sri Sularsih tried to board in the mobile library ship at jetty Balero, 500 meters from the front of the palace of Ternate Sultanate. The weather was bright enough at that time to try operating the ship to share science. The presence of Smart Ship given by the National Library of Indonesia to local government increased the spirit and splendor of Kota Ternate in North Maluku Island to reduce the lack of information and education. As a means of non school transformational education tool, the mobile library ship met the challenges remain ahead with the waves crashing against the storm to deliver knowledge for communities in Ternate island.
On the same time with the 760th Birthday of Kota Ternate, it was hold the flag ceremony involving all officers in the local government of Kota Ternate and all SKPD, muspida, ex-mayor and the people, Wednesday (29/12), with the Mayor of Ternate, H. Burhan Abdurrahman as the inspector. The day was very historic for Kota Ternate, since the central government through National Library submitted a support of a Mobile Library Ship which was given directly by Head of the National Library of Indonesia after the ceremony.
Head of the National Library of Indonesia on her speech said that although Ternate was surrounded by wide sea, the opportunity to learn was still existed and opened, as geographical challenge was not an obstacle to gain knowledge, information and other science. Although Ternate is located far away from Jakarta, it seems to be close because of the existance of Mobile Library Ship presented for all people in the city, particularly for those living in islands that could not be reached by Mobile Library Car. ?Although crashing waves, mobile library ship keeps sailing to Ternate, hopefully, it can be used and endeavoured well for the benefits of people in Kota Ternate,? said the Head.
Hj. Sri Sularsih described the mobile library ship which was 15.5 meters long, with 2 machines of 100 HP that could supply for 2,000 books and was available for 20 people in its reading room. The Ship was also furnished with AC, audio video for multimedia, and other facilities. She also stated that the Ship was valued for 1.65 billiard of fiberglass with 4 crews, two of them were librarians who worked in turn, assigned by the library office of Kota Ternate.
?If the people here welcome the floating library positively, we hope that regional government could build and update the collections, that they will keep ?new? with the supply from local library,?she said. Floating library is one of revitalisation programs of the National Library of Indonesia. Sri Sularsih admits that to socialize reading habit is not an easy job to do. Reading has not been a part of need and culture of our society.
The Mayor, Burhan Abdurrahman sent his best gratitude for the attention and appreciation of Head of National Library for Kota Ternate, that the town received the support of mobile library ship. ?Mobile library ship is one of our priorities for the revision of Annual Regional Budget in Kota Ternate in 2011 for its operation. The operational fund for the ship is not cheap, but we are ready and brave to spend the fund although it costs much, for the benefits of our society,? he said clearly.
Burhan mentioned that there were 4 disctricts in Kota Ternate, which were Ternate Island, South Ternate, North Ternate and Moti. There were also 42 coastal villages and 18 non coastal villages, added by 7 isles. Therefore, 70% of villages in Kota Ternate has coast. There were only few islands located near Ternate Island. Hiri Island could be reached in 5 minutes from Ternate Island but the other islands are farther. Mayau, Maka, Mano, Gurida and Tifure Islands need at least four hours trip using speed boat. It costs for 200 thousand rupiahs for one way trip per person. ?The visit priority of the floating library is for the villages which have jetty. When it shall sail for the villages without jetty, the visitors will be picked by boat to the Ship,? said the Mayor, Burhan, who then stated that the floating library shall begin its service operation at least on the first quarter in 2011.
The mobile library ship program was started to continue again in 2008, and Bengkalis Riau regency got its first opportunity to get the stimulant assistance. For the next, mobile library with the jargon of ?Smart Means to Build Smart? was given for Pangkep Regency, Selayar, and Bintan (2009) and in 2010, for Kota Ternate, Morowali Regency, and Wakatobi.***
Salemba, Jakarta ? while keeping her sobs from being worsen, one of Prof. Dr. R. M. Ng Poerbatjaraka Nus Purnadyah?s granddaughter retells her childhood with her lovely grandfather, Eyang Purba. Even, although almost a hundred year ago after the late grandfather passed away, the smoke of corn cigarette which was used to consumed by the grandfather still could be smelled from his working room. From the space, he dedicates his life to translate Ramayana Djawa-Kuna text (1884-1964).
The text which he wrote in latin completed with the translation of bahasa Indonesia of old spelling based on a book published in 1900 by H. Kern, a Dutch scientist who mastered Jawa Kuna. The book itself is written in Jawa language. ?I found it in dusty and scaterred-pages. From the other sheets of paper, I could finally collect the text of Mr. Poerbo and put them in order. It is still complete,? said DR. I. Kuntara Wiryamartana Sj, an expert of Jawa literature on his ocassion as the speaker in the launching and talkshow Ramayana Djawa-Kuna in theatre room, The National Library of Indonesia, Salemba, Tuesday (16/8).
Kuntara admits that when he found the text, which was typed by a professor of Jawa Kuno literature, was left not maintained in some folders in a cabinet of Sastra Nusantara Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Based on the note at the end of the text, it was finished written by Poerbatjaraka on January 8, 1952. Viewed from the ?birth?, Djawa Kuna Ramayana text is classified into an ancient text that was estimated to write during the reign of Raja Dyah Balitung who ruled Mataram Hindu Kingdom, Central Java and East Java in 820-832 of Caka years.
Ramayana Djawa-Kuna story contains symbols of science and wisdom of Djawa-kuna such as Sastra Jendra, Sastra Cetha, and Asthabrata. The published book seems to be a reincarnation of Djawa-kuna language as well as to enhance that the language is one of local wisdoms as cultural inheritance existed in Indonesian archipelago.
The text is not adopted from Indian Ramayana written by Walmiki in Sanscrit language. A lot of differences appear betwen both texts, Kuntara said. Ramayana Djawa-Kuna story was written by an indigenous Javanese author.
A professor in arcaeolog of Universitas Indonesia, prof. DR. Edi Sedyawati said, stories on the masterpiece are in form of kakawin or rhymed ancient poems as they have in Sanscrit poetic rules. ?Due to it preserves the text in Jawa Kuna language, Ramayana Djawa-Kuna may perform its functions as a ?lesson book? of Jawa Kuna language.?
Mr. Poerba wrote it verse by verse, begun with transliteration into Latin script from Jawa Kuna text, then he did the translation and at the end of each verse, he added notes in form of morphological analysis for some words which were considered necessary. He explained the literal meaning of each word first, then he put the real sense of each word context.
The National Library of Indonesia puts the name of prof. Dr. R. M. Ng. Poerbatjaraka as a famous figure who has given many contributions for Indonesia. His contribution on the text study is undoubtful. Hundreds of ancient texts are analyzed and published by him. Some works are in Dutch language, particularly those published during his devotion in handling archaeological objects in National Museum. In the last part of the discussion, Head of the National Library of Indonesia, Hj. Sri Sularsih gives Ramayana Djawa-Kuna book to the representative of the late Eyang Poerba family.***
The National Library of Indonesia in Jakarta and Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam has initiated their cooperation since 1995 in the conservation of national inheritance. At the first stage, it is particularly focused on paintings made by Johannes Rach (1720-1783).